Step Therapy Legislation in Georgia



Go to for information about the Step Therapy "problem," to learn about HB 63 Step Therapy legislation for Georgia, to access and share patient stories, and for resources to help ARxC and the Rx in Reach Georgia coalition pass Step Therapy legislation in Georgia.  

The Dangers of Step Therapy

Step therapy is a health insurance protocol that requires patients to first try a less expensive drug on aPrescription Drug list before moving up a "step" to a more expensive drug. This approach is also called "fail first” protocol. Unfortunately, the more expensive drug is often the more appropriate and effective drug prescribed by the patient’s doctor.

The step therapy process can take weeks, months or even years – and in the meantime the patient’s health can suffer, especially if the patient is living with cancer, multiple sclerosis, mental illness, rheumatoid arthritis, epilepsy and other chronic or life-threatening health conditions.

Step Therapy policies are used by health insurers to control costs. However, they are time-consuming for the physician and patient, and are actually more expensive from a direct and indirect out-of-pocket cost perspective. Insurance companies are applying step therapy broadly and in so doing, restricting physicians’ discretion, interfering with the practice of medicine and placing patients in jeopardy.

Additional resources and information about step therapy/fail first protocols: 


Read/watch these patient stories about their struggles with this damaging insurance practice:


Click this video from the Alliance for Patient Access to learn more about Step Therapy. 










How Georgia Addressed Step Therapy

Step Therapy can have a place in a reasonable drug plan design. However, sometimes the cheapest drug works and sometimes it doesn’t. Therefore, the plan should be transparent to patients and physicians, and allow for speedy appeals when the insurer-mandated drug is not in the best interest of the patient. We strongly believe the physician should make this decision, not health insurance companies.

On April 25, 2019, Georgia joined a dozen states, including Louisiana, West Virginia and Kentucky, in passing step therapy reform legislation. The HB 63 Step therapy legislation passed by the Rx in Reach GA Coalition (36 member health centered organizations advocating for legislation that ends the financial and discriminatory barriers to securing vital medications):

  1. Ensures that step therapy protocols are based on clinical guidelines developed by independent experts, and
  2. Establishes a basic framework for when it is medically appropriate to exempt patients from step therapy, as well as an exceptions process that is transparent and accessible to patients and health care providers.


Go to to learn about this legislation and how we passed it in Georgia! 




Patients Shouldn't Have to "Fail First"

Michael Blaiss

July 5, 2018

Alliance for Patient Access / Institute for Patient Access



Learn more about the dangers of step therapy at Fail First Hurts, an initiative led by the Global Healthy Living Foundation to fight against fail first policies in the United States. 



ARxC is a proud member of the 50-State Network, a grassroots advocacy organization comprised of patients and patient advocates that are commtted to sharing the patient perspective with state and federal health policy makers. This community is made up of patients living with diverse chronic illnesss, inlcuding rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and psoriasis, and the people who care about them.

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